Introduction to Fly Fishing by Tony Scott
are two techniques to deceiving trout into taking your fly. There
is the “Chuck It and Chance It” method, which does
work, no doubt. However if you wish to hone your skills and increase
your catch rate, a little wander into the world of entomology
will pay dividends and encourage you to use the other method,
“Match the Hatch”
diet is wide and varied, however there are a few groups of insects
that appeal more than others. It is these primary groups of insects
that I shall introduce you to on these pages.
Upwinged Flies (Ephemeroptera)
This group covers many flies including blue winged olive, lake
olive, pond olive and of course the most famous - The Mayfly.
Easily recognised by the upright wings which are translucent.
They also have two or three long tails.
Roof shaped wing flies (Tricoptera)
So called because the wings when at rest from a roof shape. You
will hear these flies being referred to as Sedge or Caddis. Quite
often hatching late evening, they tend to skim across the water
as they dry their wings in readiness to take off. At this stage
they are vulnerable to attack by the trout. Fishing the sedge
pattern in a similar fashion can often yield good results.
Flat Winged flies (Diptera)
The transparent wings are laid flat when at rest. The most common
species being the mosquito, this classification also covers non
biting midges – yes those little beasties that drive anglers
mad under calm warm conditions.
Hard Winged flies (Plecoptera)
Less common than the preceding three types, these are nonetheless
a part of the trouts diet when available. Hard shiny wings lay
across the back, when at rest.
everything else falls into this category, daddy long legs (pictured
above), spiders, beetles (pictured above), caterpillars, wasps,
moths; anything that is unfortunate enough to find itself on the
water instead of the air.
the artificial flies that are available commercially fall roughly
into one of these categories, although not always at the adult
fly stage. The flies above have a life cycle which carries them
through larval and nymphal stages too. They are part of the trouts
diet at any stage. Trout seem to enjoy these larvae and nymphs
when they are to be found rising towards the surface of the water
just prior to hatching. At this stage they are known as emergers.
Below you find a few examples.
nymph of the Mayfly
Larvea of the Diptera
Pupal stage also
known as a buzzer
our beginner an idea of these creatures and their artificial patterns,
please study these drawings and their photographic counterparts.
Here you will see the art of fly tying that has developed over
the years to imitate as closely as possible the natural insect.
I am sure you will agree that the imitations are pretty good.
is an art that many books have been written about and are readily
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